“No person in the United States shall, on the basis of sex, be excluded from participation in, be denied the benefits of, or be subjected to discrimination under any educational program or activity receiving federal financial assistance.” (Title IX of the Education Amendments of 1972 Amended the Higher Education Act of 1965. Implementing Regulations at: 20 U.S.C. § 1681 & 34 C.F.R. Part 106)
- Title IX is the federal law that prohibits discrimination on the basis of sex in higher education institutions that receive federal funding. This act is codified as Title 20, United States Code, Chapter 38, Sections 1681-1686. The act was also amended by the Civil Rights Restoration Act of 1987 ("Title IX").
- The law states that "no person in the United States shall on the basis of sex be excluded from participation in, be denied the benefits of, or be subjected to discrimination under any education program or activity receiving federal financial assistance." The amendment in 1987 expanded the definition of program or activity to include all the operations of an educational institution, governmental entity or private employer that receives federal funds.
- Examples of the types of discrimination that are covered under Title IX include sexual harassment, sexual violence, the failure to provide equal opportunity in athletics and discrimination based on pregnancy. On March 7, 2013, President Obama signed into law the Violence Against Women Reauthorization Act. VAWA 2013 added domestic violence, dating violence and stalking to the list of sex offenses that higher education institutions must investigate and report in their Annual Security Report.