Professional Bio


  • Ph.D., International Studies, University of Denver, 1977
  • M.A., International Studies, University of Denver, 1976
  • B.A., Colorado College, 1971 (Phi Beta Kappa)  

Research & Scholarship

Research Interests

International Relations, including politics, security and political economy
Comparative Analysis, including public policy, political economy and foreign policy
Political Theory, including philosophy, ideology and normative theory


Ph.D. Dissertation

“An Image Analysis of International Politics:  Harry S. Truman and the Soviet Union,  1945-1947.”

This longitudinal study adopted a decision-maker level of analysis to investigate the role of perception in policy-making in international politics.

It operationalized image theory to study, describe, and explain Soviet-American relations during the early Cold War, focusing on Truman’s assessments of the actions and intentions of the Soviet Union for that critical period.

It then analyzed the consequences of those views on American foreign policy decisions. The substantive concerns of the study were derived from the “Orthodox- Revisionist” Controversy about the origins of the Cold War, including the issues of alleged use by the United States of “Atomic Diplomacy” vis  the Soviet Union.
The study generated both theoretical and empirical conclusions.

Formal Professional Writing & Presentations

Contemporary American Strategic Retaliatory Capability: The Context of Low Warning. (New York University National Security Seminar, June 1978)

Counterforce War-Fighting Deterrence Capabilities and Options: Basic Military and Political Considerations. (New York University National Security Seminar, June 1978)

Theoretical Approaches to the Study of International & Comparative Politices

(Textbook Draft, August 1978)

Towards a more Realistic Conceptualization of Nuclear Deterrence: Perception as an Intervening Variable. (Seminar on International Relations, U.S. Air Force Academy, November 1980)

Operationalizing the Doctrine of Strategic Sufficiency: Political and Military Issues and Tradeoffs. (Colorado-Wyoming Political Science Association, October 1980)

An Introduction to Social Science Methodology; A Primer for Political Science

(Textbook Draft, August 1980)

An Assessment of  Contemporary American Strategic Policy: Issues of Selectiveness, Flexibility, and Command and Control. (International Studies Association, March 1981)

On Morality in Strategic Analysis and Recommendation: Competing Views  in  American  National Security Policy. (Seminar on Defense Policy, U.S. Air Force Academy, May 1981)

From Deterrence by Punishment to Deterrence by Denial: An Evaluation of Contemporary American Strategic Policy. (Western Social Science Association, April 1982)

Reagan Administration Strategic Policy: From MAD through SAFE towards NUTS. (Colorado-Wyoming Political Science Association, April 1982.

Reagan Administration Strategic Policy and the Development of SIOP-6: An Empirical, Theoretical, and Ethical Critique. (Colorado-Wyoming Political Science Association, April 1983)

An Assessment of Contemporary Nuclear Freeze Proposals: Political, Military, and Economic Issues and Dilemmas. (Seminar on Nuclear Disarmament, September 1983)

Dilemmas of  Soviet Foreign Policy in the Third World: Successes, Failures, and Prospects. (National Third World Studies Conference, October 1983)

On the Fundamental Problem of Strategic Stability: Force Structure Survivability and Command and Control Reliability as Competing Considerations. (National Security Seminar, January 1984)

An Assessment of Potential American Conventional Military Missions: The Problems and Dilemmas of Multiple Commitments. (National Security Seminar, January 1984)

The Prospects for American Counter-Insurgency Policy in El Salvador and Guatemala: Issues, Options, and Ethical Considerations. (Aspinall International Affairs Symposium, March 1984)

On Future Nuclear Strategy and Arms Control: Implications of the Interaction of  Doctrine and Technology. (Seminar on the Nuclear Arms Race, May 1984)

Opportunities and Constraints: Implications of the Changing International System for Contemporary and Future American Foreign Policy. (International Studies Association, October 1984)

On the Prospects for International Cooperation: Continuing Military Concerns versus the  Implications of International Political Economy. (Western Social Science Association, March 1985)

What about the Russians? Competing Evaluations of Soviet Strategy and  Potential  Relations with the U.S. (Seminar on the Future of the Nuclear Freeze, January 1986)

On the Inadequacies of Contemporary U.S. Foreign Policy towards the Third World: A Critique of Globalism with a Regionalist Replacement Recommendation. (National Third World Studies Conference, October 1986)

The Strategic Defense Initiative and the U.S.- Soviet Strategic Balance: Implications of Space-based Active Defenses for Initial Deterrence, Damage Limitation, and Arms Control. (Conference on the Strategic Defense Initiative, April 1987)

A Political, Economic, and Military Evaluation of the Potential Implications of the Deployment of Space-based Strategic Defenses on U.S.-Soviet Stability and the Prospects for Arms Control. (International Studies Association, January 1988)

On the Instabilities of Third World Politics: Issues, Causes and Dilemmas and their Combined Implications for International Politics. (Western Social Science Association, April, 1988)

U.S. Foreign Policy, Current Israeli Politics, and the Palestinian Intifada: Issues, Options, and Implications. (Conference on the Israeli-Palestinian Conflict, January 1989)

On the New Security Order in Europe: An Analysis of Four Alternative Policy Perspectives and Recommendations. (Inter-University Seminar  on the Armed Forces, October 1989)

Re-Structuring the New Security Order in Europe: Current Issues, Emerging Patterns, and a Policy Prescription for the U.S. (Inter-University Seminar on the Armed Forces, April 1990)

Domestic and Foreign Policy Reforms in the Soviet Union under Gorbachev: Initiatives, Problems, and Prospects. (International Faculty Workshop, Gonzaga University, April 1990)

Global Power and Responsibility: The Persian Gulf and Larger Issues in Contemporary U.S. Foreign Policy.
(Conference on the Crisis in the Middle East, September, 1990)

On the post-Cold War post-East-West Evolution of the Pan-European Security System: Conditions, Dilemmas, and Potential Responses. (CAIE/CCIO  National Conference, October 1990)

An  Overview of the U.S.  and the Middle East since World War Two: Goals, Patterns, Choices, and Challenges in Changing Times. (Forum on the Challenges of the Middle East, March 1991)

On the New European Order: The Proposed Enlargement of NATO and its Effects on Security, Cooperation, and Conflict. (Colorado-Wyoming Political Science Association, April, 1991)

On the Challenges of a Changing Europe: Interests, Options, and a Prescription for the U.S. (Institute on the Challenges of a Changing Europe, June 1991)

The New World of Dis-Order: Conditions,  Dilemmas, and Options for U.S. Foreign Policy. (Forum on the New World Order, March 1992)

U.S. Foreign and Security Policy After the Cold War: Systemic Changes, Continuities, Challenges, and  Choices. (Inter-University Seminar on the Armed Forces, April, 1993)

Augustinian Neo-Realism for a New World of Disorder: Issues and Implications for a Declining Liberal Hegemon. (American Political Science Association, September, 1994)

After the Cold War: Reshaping U.S. Strategy, Priorities, and Forces for  the Challenges of  the Inevitable Return of  Multi-polarity. (Annual World Issues Forum, April 1995)

New Directions in American Foreign Policy: Four Alternative Worldviews and their Policy Implications. (Colorado-Wyoming Political Science Association, April 1995)

Theories of International Relations: Political Philosophy & Its Application in International Relations

(Chapter Outlines and Rough Draft, Summer 2004; Abandoned Summer 2005)

Teaching & Research Experience

1987-present: Professor of Politics, Regis College of Regis University

1979-2002: Adjunct Professor of International Relations - Graduate School of International Relations, University of Denver

1990-1993: Adjunct Professor, Comparative Economics - Honors Program in Public Policy, Colorado School of Mines

1980-1990: Visiting Professor, Political Science and International Relations - United States Air Force Academy

1982-1987: Associate Professor of Political Science, Regis College

1978-1982: Assistant Professor of Political Science, Regis College

1977-1978: Assistant Professor of Political Science, Miami University

1975-1977: Instructor in Political Science, Miami University

1972-1975: Teaching Assistant, International Relations, University of Denver

1975: Archival Research, Harry S. Truman Library

1974: Dissertation Field Research, U.S.

1973: Dissertation Field Research, Europe

Awards & Recognition

Teaching Awards
Faculty Member of the Year, Regis College:  1979-1980; 1987-1988; 2002-2003.
Outstanding International Studies Professor of the Year, University of Denver, 1999.
Outstanding International Studies Teacher of the Year, University of Denver, 2002.