I began research in neuroscience as an undergraduate, observing ring dove behavior.  Over the course of many years became ever more reductionist until I was studying the behavior of single ion channel proteins as they opened and closed in the membrane of a neuron.  While this was fascinating, it was difficult to talk about at cocktail parties, and so I set out to return to my original interest in animal behavior.  My last studies were on the role of ion channels in helping the body keep to its 24-hour cycle, its circadian rhythm.

Curriculum Vitae